VI. Subfam. Lamioideae Harley (2003)

Subfam. Stachyoideae (Dumort.) Luerss. (1882); Briq. in Engl. & Prantl (1895) et auct. mult., p.p., typ. incl.

Subfam. Prasioideae (Benth.) Thomé (1889)

Subfam. Pogostemonoideae P.D. Cantino, Harley & Wagstaff in Harley & Reynolds (1992).


Rhizomatous herbs or subshrubs, hairs simple; leaves toothed, petiolate; inflorescence thyrsoid or rarely racemoid; calyx 5-lobed, lobes equal or subequal, mostly broadly triangular at the base and mucronate at apex, sometimes almost obsolete; corolla strongly 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), yellow or white, posterior lip long, hooded, densely pubescent outside; stamens not or only shortly exserted from the corolla, thecae weakly distinct, parallel or narrowly divergent, sometimes hairy; stigma-lobes subequal or unequal; nutlets rounded or truncate, glabrous or eglandular hairy.  About 20 spp., mostly forests and hill slopes, from NE India to Taiwan, Vietnam and Indonesia.


Native to:

36 China
38 Eastern Asia
40 Indian Subcontinent
41 Indo-China
42 Malesia


Pogonanthera H.W.Li & X.H.Guo, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 31: 266 (1993), nom. illeg.

Sinopogonanthera H.W.Li, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 15: 346 (1993).


Paraphlomis (Prain) Prain, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 74: 721 (1908); H.W. Li, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 57-74, pl. 16-17 (1965).

Phlomis sect. Paraphlomis Prain (1901).


Image resource

© Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew